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KY Spotted Mountain Horse

Certified Breeds

KSMH By-laws and Breed Regulations

I. Prime Directive

The happiness and health of the horse is of paramount concern. Horses should be kept in a clean environment and worked only over safe/stable terrain. Horses should be kept clean and well-fed (never to excess). All tack should be properly fitted to the horse and checked regularly for wear.

Gaited breeds have a history colored with the embarrassment of soring. KSMH practices Zero-tolerance in regards to soring. Should this registry detect evidence of soring or similar practice on any horse submitted for registration then the stable found to be the causative party shall be permanently banned from registering all stock with us and handlers shall be banned from our show grounds. If you believe your KSMH may have been sored by a trainer, rider, or previous owner without your knowledge please do not hesitate to contact us for assistance.

Abuse and neglect of these majestic creatures, whether by ignorance or design, will NOT be tolerated.

II. Breed Standard

1. Conformation characteristics:

The Kentucky Spotted Mountain saddle Horse should show an above average degree of beauty and refinement. They must be of medium bone and substance, reflecting their heritage as an all-around utility breed. The horse should present an appearance of athleticism and the ability to perform useful work. Traditionally, KSMH horses have a compact, well-muscled and close-coupled frame. The head is attractive, cob sized, not too long or wide in appearance, proportional, with a broad flat forehead, well defined jaw and a face in profile that is neither severely Roman nor dished. Looking straight at the front of the head, the distance from the middle point between the eyes to the middle point between the nostrils, is of medium length. The facial composure overall, is very pleasing to the observer. The neck is of medium length and thickness, with the top line of the neck longer than the underline, and meets the back behind the shoulder. The neck should show an ability to flex at the poll and not be tied into the body too low in the chest. Little to no wither is desirable.

Principles of sound conformation relevant to all breeds are applicable to the KSMH horses. Planes of the legs when viewed from the front and the rear should be straight and aligned. Severe cases of sickle hocks, cow hocks, hoofs turned in or out, and all other variances from correct structure of the major joints are not desirable. When viewed from the side, horses should have near equal proportions between the forequarter, body and hindquarter with proper angulations of the shoulder and humerus. An upright humerus and front legs not set too far underneath the body also allow for good stride and reach. The horse has a strong topline, short in the coupling, with a rounded croup. The tail set should be natural.

2. Color:

a) Solid: KSMH horses can be any solid body color. White markings should be limited to the face, (no bald faces) the legs (no excessive amount of white above the knees or hocks) and an area on the belly that is behind the breast bone and under the ends of the rib cage not to exceed 36 square inches (6x6 - no bigger than the size of the hand).

b) Spotted: Any horse that does not meet the limited amount of white requirement as stated above but carries significant white markings that may be identified as tobiano, overo, sabino, appaloosa, etc. may be registered/certified and shall be assigned a phenotype designation based on said markings.

3. Gait:

KSMH is a Racking breed.

a) Outside horses: 1) Outside horses exhibiting other ambling gaits in addition to the Rack shall be subject to inspection for suitability. 2) Outside horses unable to Rack and unable to amble shall be inspected for suitability. 3) Outside horses exhibiting other ambling gaits and unable to Rack shall be denied.
Outside horses not otherwise on the "Not Accepted for Cross" listing shall be subject to inspection for suitability.

b) KSMH horses: 1) Horses bred from KSMH registered stock which are otherwise eligible for regular registration, but do not naturally Rack shall not be penalized. 2) Horses bred from KSMH which exhibit ambling gaits in addition to the Rack shall be inspected for suitability not be penalized. 3) Horses bred from KSMH which exhibit ambling gaits other than the Rack and are unable to Rack may be registered, but shall be denied Breeding Privileges with their papers notated thus. The foals of such non-Racking KSMH may be registered, subject to inspection, if the other parent is KSMH in good standing AND the foal exhibits the ability to Rack free of other ambling gaits subject to III.3-4. shall not be penalized.

4. Exchange/Mass Sharing:

There should only ever be one copy of any horse Active at any time (excluding Archive copies). Exchange horses shall be considered "genetic samples" for the purposes of II.5.b. Exchange horses shall not be eligible to be Registered UNLESS they are modified (conformation, color, or both) from the template Exchange file. Horses already Registered may be shared with the understanding that any resulting foals will be marked as AI upon the foal's submission to this Registry.

5. Conception:

KSMH recognizes the following methods of conception; effects of such on Registration to be noted therein:

a) Natural Live Cover: Stallion and Mare are in physical proximity to each other and the Stallion is witnessed to mount and copulate with the Mare resulting in pregnancy. Both Hand Breeding (with or without hobbles) and Free (or Pasture) Breeding are acceptable for Natural Cover. Foals bred by Natural Cover are subject to Section III.

b) Artificial Insemination (AI): Stallion and Mare are at separate locations, not in proximity to each other, and unable to complete Natural Cover. AI might be accomplished by Stallion Sampling which is then transferred into the Mare or by Stallion Sampling combined with Mare Harvesting resulting in a Lab-Created Embryo. Lab-Created Embryos may be implanted into the donor mare or into a surrogate. Foals created by AI shall have their papers marked appropriately. Foals created by AI shall bear no fault for their method of conception, whether in the Show Ring or the Breeding Shed.

AI, for the purposes of this Registry, shall include Stallions (rather their samples) shared to the Exchange (who's file shall be deleted from the recipient game as soon as all desired foals are received) and foals conceived using NRAAS Pollinate function. An attest from the Breeder that a foal from a Competition Mare was carried by a surrogate will also be marked AI, though this will allow the Dam of Record to continue competing.

Foals bred by AI are subject to Section III. Acceptable Foals bred from horses downloaded from the Exchange, or otherwise available en masse, shall be considered to have been bred by AI and have their papers marked appropriately.

c) Cloning: Only a single horse, Stallion or Mare or Neuter, is involved in contributing genetic material to the foal; often a Surrogate is also involved. Clones are ONLY acceptable when they are the product of the In Game Science Lab and generated from a horse who has earned the LTR Clone Voucher. Proof in the form of a screenshot showing the Voucher in the Donor's inventory shall be submitted with the application for all Clone foals.

Clone foals shall receive a name distinct from their donor parent (though it may incorporate part of the parent's name). Clone foals shall be recorded as offspring of the donor parent with the second parent noted as "Clone". Clone foals shall share their donor parent's Registry Declaration. Clone foals shall bear no fault for their method of conception, whether in the Show Ring or the Breeding Shed.

III Foal Registration

Fillies or colts may be registered with the KSMH provided both parents are Registered/Certified KSMH horses. A foal can be registered as an Appendix KSMH if it has only one parent who is registered KSMH. All foals will be issued "temporary" papers. They must be certified under saddle before "permanent" papers will be issued (usually after 2 years of age).

1. Documentation:

a) Submission of photographs of enough views/angles to reveal all markings is required.

b) Screen cap of Traits is preferred, but an attest as to what they are will suffice.

c) Attest to gaited or non-gaited. Not all young foals will gait; some do not discover their natural talent until 2-3 years of age; "Unknown" is acceptable for foals.

d) Attest to method of Conception. Photograph/screencap of voucher in parent's inventory is required for Clone foals.

2. Purebred foals:

Foals by a Certified KSMH stallion and out of a Certified KSMH mare can be registered without inspection.

3. Half-, Part-, or Cross-bred foals:

Foals out of Approved crosses who's parents (one or both) are not Certified KSMH may be issued a certificate of registration as the result of inspection if 1) the foal is the product of a gaited cross and is certified to Rack either by photograph on a leadline or by inspection from KSMH examiners, 2) the foal is the product of a gaited cross and is not gaited, 3) the foal is the product of a non-gaited cross.

4. Appendixed foals:

Foals out of ApKSMH must be inspected for suitability subject to IV.5.a-b.

IV Adult Registration

Upon satisfactory examination of a horse for conformation and certification of gait (under saddle or in hand) a horse will be entered into the permanent registry books of the association. As a part of the certification process, a horse must display the following characteristics:

1. Mentality:

Show evidence of a gentle temperament and a willing disposition. This evidence must be submitted to the KSMH office at the time application for certification is made. Any horse that displays a temperament that is unruly or unmanageable will not be eligible for Certification. (Ornery or Aggressive, especially for stallions) Preferred: Brave, Friendly, Obedient, Playful, Genius [screen shot of CAP-Traits will suffice]

2. Rack:

Demonstrate a smooth, comfortable and natural four beat gait (with four distinct hoof beats) under saddle.

Though the Rack is the preferred gait for this Registry, any horse able to amble shall be considered to have successfully met the genetic criteria for this Section.

3. Height:

must be Minimum 11hh (44 inches), 14.1hh and above are preferred. All measurements are to be measured on a perpendicular at a point where their neck joins the body. In finding that point the head and neck should be raised at the throat latch, pushing toward the back of the body, to produce a tuck in the neck and should not be in a relaxed position. There is no upper height limit. [with the advent of sliders we now have a range of Pony breeds available; just avoid the smallest ones in crossing and you should be ok]

4. Gelds/Spays:

The KSMH Gelding books are open for registration of gelds who meet the standards of the breed.

5. Appendix:

5a) Appendix Mares for the KSMH registry are open and consideration will be given to outside mares for registry who meet the standard of the breed as stated above. These mares are not restricted from showing but are required to have all male offspring evaluated, while a female offspring derived from a registered/certified KSMH Stallion may receive full registration.

5b) Colts produced from an Outside or Appendixed Mare as the result of a cross with a Certified KSMH stallion may be registered as Appendix Stallions pending evaluation. Foals of Appendix Stallions may receive main book registration if 1) the mare is KSMH or 2) the mare is ApKSMH and the foal is submitted for evaluation.

5b1) Colts produced from an Appendixed Mare or Stallion and who fail evaluation for Appendix registry must be gelded or forgo KSMH breeding rights [they may be eligible at other registries].

Such colts left intact shall have their KSMH papers marked appropriately.

6. Breeding Up:

The KSMH foundation books are open to solid or spotted Stallions, Mares and Geldings who meet the breed requirement and pass the certification standards according to the requirements above. It is strongly suggested that breeding habits be directed towards purifying the breed (one mate should be of strong genetic Mountain Horse characteristic, such as a KSMH stallion, of at least 50% or better Mountain Horse blood). If this practice continues generation after generation, the Kentucky Spotted Mountain Horse will contain the maximum amount of genetic characteristics possible to maintain them as a true Mountain Horse.


V Shows and Show Tack

1. Rider/Handler

I Age

A All exhibitors shall adhere to the following

i. Stallions may be exhibited ONLY by Adult or Elder.

ii. Foals and Young stock should be exhibited ONLY by Teen and older.

iii. Any Rider/Handler found soring (or otherwise unnaturally altering the horse or it's movements) shall be sent to immediately vacate the show grounds and shall be permanently banned from all KSMH shows.


II Attire

A. English Breed, General English, and Traditional Breed:

*Helmet (Eng) or coordinating Top-hat required (Trad).
*Black, Brown, Navy, or other dark neutral Jacket (long coat preferred for Traditional)
*White or other light neutral Shirt
*Gloves are optional and should be of black, brown, navy or other dark neutral color.
*Tall boots and breeches are preferred for English with dark breeches for Traditional, though short boots and dress pants are also permitted for Traditional.

The rider should appear as though they are riding in a formal suit:


saddlebred Courageous Lord exhibiting the Rack


B. Western:

*Helmet (children/teen) or Western hat
*Western dress shirt
*Duster, vest, or poncho is optional
*Gloves are recommended and optional
*Boots should be tall or mid-height Western-style with jeans OR low boots with jeans or slacks

(standard Western wear...think John Wayne)


2. Horse:

I Age

A. All horses exhibited shall adhere to the following:

i. Foals and Young stock shall be exhibited ONLY In Hand.

ii. All KSMH must have their regular papers prior to exhibiting Under Saddle, any horse found exhibiting U/S with temporary papers shall have those papers suspended pending formal Certification.


II Tack

A. Saddle: Dressage saddle preferred for all events.

*English Dressage saddle (long flaps that reach the bottom edge of the square pad) in black or brown when on the flat
*Western saddle in Western classes (Dressage saddle makes a nifty "Australian Stock" ;) )
*Jumping saddle in Jumping classes (use Dressage for Breed shows)

B. Saddle Pad

Square or Contoured pad, may be of the western blanket style and may be of any color (all disciplines)

C. Headgear: shank bit preferred for all events and required when gaiting

*Double Bridle (with or without flash) in English Classes [CC, may use English shank] in black or brown
*Western Shank bridle in Western classes in black or brown
*Shank bridle in gaited or breed classes, may be English or Western shank or English Double in black or brown

(**Gaiting Bridle CC now available from MSE! Link is in CC area.)

+Gaited KSMH horses need the shank-style bit to assist them in the carriage required for the show-style Rack. Non-gaited KSMH horses have no such concerns and may exhibit in any bit suitable for the conditions (though the shank will still be preferred)



D. Legs

No wraps/boots UNLESS JUMPING; horse should travel freely with clean legs when on the flat


VI Standard Photoshopping for Breed

1. Unless it directly contradicts the rules of a specific show you may photoshop the following:

a) a braided tassle added to the forelock and the top of the mane.
(Gaited Mane CC now available from MSE! Link is in CC area)

b) a colored browband (if the bridle doesn't have a recolorable channel)

Predominantly used for English classes, the above is common equipment for gaited breeds:


an English shank bridle (courtesy Wiki) and KSMH CF Dapple Dots in Breed Standard tack.


+Please ask the organizer of any Open shows if the Breed Standard Tack will contradict and please use Breed Standard whenever possible. Many real life gaited horses are also able to w/t/c and jump, but due to the inherent conformation of the breed they are more conformable when ridden in an "uphill" frame and the shank-style bits and flat saddles assist with this.



Updated 18 June 2013:

General edit and reformat.
Add II.4. Exchange, II.5. Conception, III.1.d. Clone Documentaion.
Altered procedure: Removed Temporary Registration; all horses will receive Regular papers which may be Upgraded later on.

Updated 8 Sep 2013:

Comprehensive review of Accepted Breeds Listing to reflect published data regarding DMRT3 gene mutation.
Comprehensive review of Bylaws for references to horses able to amble/gait and unable to Rack; change of those references due to data regarding DMRT3 mutation.
Edit ongoing.



extracted and modified from IRL registry at http://www.kmsha.com/breed_standards.htm

Images courtesy English Wikipedia, used on fair license.



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